How Diabetes Medicine Works

How Diabetes Medicine Works 

You may be wondering how diabetes medicine works, and you’re right to wonder about the risks and benefits of some of the more popular medications. These include Exenatide, Nateglinide, Repaglinide, and Metformin. Read on to learn more about these drugs, and the risks and benefits of each. Whether you choose to use oral medications or inject insulin is up to you. Some doctors may assume you’d prefer to avoid these medications. But oral medications are more effective for diabetics than insulin, and they are generally much safer for diabetics. 

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Metformin 

If you are looking for a safe and effective way to control your blood sugar levels and lose weight, metformin may be a good option. Metformin is a diabetes medicine that is known to lower your hemoglobin A1C level by up to 1%. This measure is taken through a blood test and gives your doctor an idea of your average blood sugar levels over three months. A1C levels of less than seven percent are considered the goal for most people with diabetes. This medicine can be combined with other types of medication or a combination of both to control your blood sugar. It is usually given at a low dose so that your body has time to adjust to it. 

Exenatide 

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you may be wondering how exenatide works in diabetes medicine. During animal tests, exenatide’s half-life topped out at two weeks. Interestingly, the amino acid sequence is the same in humans. The amino acid asparagine loses its amide group and is deamidated, while glutamine loses its amide group but remains stable. This helps to prolong the half-life by extending the half-life of the exenatide molecule. 

Repaglinide 

If you’re wondering How Repaglinide works as a diabetes medicine, read on. This medication may cause side effects, including liver or kidney problems. Alcohol can cause severe low blood sugar. Other drugs, such as clopidogrel and gemfibrozil, can affect the way Repaglinide works. To avoid interactions, consult your doctor before taking any diabetes medicines. You may also want to talk with a dietitian before taking Repaglinide. 

Nateglinide 

The drug nateglinide is a type 2 diabetes medication used to stimulate the release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells. The drug works by inhibiting potassium-ATP channels and stimulating the cells to release insulin, which in turn stimulates the removal of glucose from the blood. Nateglinide works similarly to sulfonylureas in controlling blood glucose, but appears to be faster-acting and has a shorter duration of action. 

Liraglutide 

Liraglutide is a type of diabetes medicine. Generally, this medicine does not cause low blood sugar levels, but it may be required in combination with other diabetes medicines. This may be caused by heavy exercise, not eating enough carbohydrates, or drinking large amounts of alcohol. When this happens, people may feel shaky, pale, and dizzy. People with hypoglycemia should consult their doctor immediately. Diabetics may need to increase their insulin dosage or reduce their other diabetes medicines. 

Dulaglutide 

Dulaglutide is a medication that is used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The drug exhibits antihyperglycaemic action by increasing intracellular cyclic AMP in beta cells. Moreover, dulaglutide also suppresses the secretion of glucagon, resulting in decreased hepatic glucose output. Moreover, the drug also slows gastric emptying and improves glycemic control. It decreases postprandial, pre-meal, and fasting glucose levels. 

Semaglutide injections 

One of the most common diabetes medicines is semaglutide, which is used to treat the effects of high blood sugar. Semaglutide is used to control blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. However, it may change the way your body absorbs certain medications, such as insulin and sulfonylureas. If you are currently taking these medications, you must consult your doctor to see if you should change your dosage. Semaglutide injections may also cause side effects, and your doctor will likely advise you to stop using the medicine if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.