How Type 1 Diabetes is Detected and Diagnosed
Type 1 diabetes is one of the most common autoimmune diseases, affecting genetically susceptible people and those who are exposed to the environmental trigger of type 1 diabetes. An autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
There are 2 million children in the United States diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Most of them were born healthy. They wake up each morning with a shot. And they’re on the road to developing serious complications if the disease is not detected and treated early. Type 1 diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases among children and young adults. And yet, it is often misdiagnosed. It can be difficult to diagnose correctly for several reasons. First, there are only two types of diabetes. The most common type is called Type 2 Diabetes. However, Type 1 Diabetes is a disease that requires medical attention. It cannot be controlled or cured by diet alone. This means that doctors must detect and treat the disease early to prevent the complications that may occur.
In conclusion, the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes requires a thorough physical examination and confirmation of hypoglycemia using an oral glucose tolerance test. Most children with type 1 diabetes will have a normal fasting plasma glucose level and elevated postprandial plasma glucose levels at diagnosis. The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes requires no special tests; however, several studies recommend the use of the hemoglobin A1C test as a method of detecting abnormal glycemic control. The use of a hemoglobin A1C test may be used to diagnose type 1 diabetes if the diagnosis has been previously excluded based on the results of the fasting plasma glucose test.
(For more diabetes blogs, check this article: How to Test for Diabetes?)