How to Treat Thyroid Dysfunction?

How to Treat Thyroid Dysfunction?

The pituitary and hypothalamus are responsible for the thyroid gland, which regulates the body’s energy level. Thyroid dysfunction occurs when the thyroid gland is overactive or underactive. There are two major types of thyroid dysfunction: hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is caused by an overactive thyroid gland, and hypothyroidism is caused by an underactive thyroid gland. 

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Radioactive iodine uptake scan 

You’ll need to be still and undisturbed during the radioactive iodine uptake scan, a common diagnostic test used to detect thyroid disorders. This scan detects the amount of iodine in the thyroid and produces images of the thyroid gland. You should not eat or drink for at least 2 hours before the test, and avoid drinking any liquids that contain metals, as these can interfere with the images produced by the scan. 

This scan is usually done in an outpatient setting. Certain medications and foods interfere with the radiotracer’s uptake in the thyroid gland, so patients should stop taking antithyroid medications at least five days before the test. Your doctor will also need to perform some laboratory tests before the thyroid uptake and scan, including an assessment of thyroglobulin levels and antibodies. 

Levothyroxine 

Levothyroxine is available in a variety of dosage forms, including tablets, capsules, and solutions. It can be given orally or through a parenteral infusion. The medication is often given undiluted, and can also be diluted in water for oral use. 

Levothyroxine is a synthetic form of the thyroid hormone, which regulates energy and metabolism. It is a safe and effective prescription drug, which is converted by the body into liothyronine (T3). The correct dosage of levothyroxine depends on the patient’s age and weight. Usually, an adult should take 100 milligrams of the drug daily. 

Natural desiccated thyroid 

Natural desiccated thyroid therapy for thyroid dysfunction is a safe, natural alternative to synthetic T4 and levothyroxine. There are some risks associated with desiccated thyroid, including heart palpitations, rapid heartbeat, sweating more than usual, and chest pain. Although there are no FDA-approved studies to back up the safety of desiccated thyroid, more patients are choosing this method over synthetic thyroid medication. 

Natural desiccated thyroid (NDT) contains the same T4 and T3 hormones produced by the thyroid glands of animals. It contains much more of the T3 hormone than does the human thyroid. There are several brands of desiccated thyroid on the market, including Armour Thyroid, Nature-Throid, and NP Thyroid. Interestingly, natural desiccated thyroid has never had to go through a licensing process in the United States. In Canada and the UK, it has always been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. 

Surgery 

Thyroid surgery is an option for people who suffer from a faulty thyroid gland. It involves making an incision in the neck and removing the thyroid gland. This procedure is usually performed with minimally invasive techniques. A small incision is made in the neck and no other organs are affected. 

After the surgery, patients are usually put on a medication that includes thyroid hormone, known as Levothyroxine or Synthroid. Patients who have been on this medication before the surgery should continue on the same dose, if necessary. Those who have never taken the hormone may be prescribed a tablet. The dosage will depend on a patient’s weight and the results of a blood test.