type 2 diabetes

Is Diabetes an Autoimmune Disease?

Is Diabetes an Autoimmune Disease? Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases and is associated with a variety of health complications. When it comes to chronic diseases, autoimmune diseases are often the least understood because they don’t always present with the classic symptoms we expect to see with other diseases.

Most people think of the immune system as a part of the body that protects the body from outside attacks. However, our immune system has no direct control over our muscles, organs, and bones. Our immune system is the only organ in our body that can cause us to get sick.

The immune system is part of our body’s defense against invading pathogens. The cells of the immune system are constantly scanning our bodies for signs of infection. They use a variety of methods to detect the presence of microorganisms in the blood and other parts of the body. The cells that recognize pathogens are called B-cells. They release antibodies, which attach themselves to the invaders.

This triggers the cells of the innate immune system, which includes macrophages, granulocytes, and mast cells. The innate immune system acts quickly to destroy bacteria and viruses by triggering phagocytosis or engulfing pathogens. It also stimulates the production of proinflammatory cytokines and other molecules that stimulate the adaptive immune system. The adaptive immune system also detects pathogens. Cells called T-cells recognize proteins produced by the invading microorganism and bind them to the cells that recognize them. This marks the pathogen for destruction by other immune system cells. The adaptive immune system requires antigenic stimulation to be activated. The adaptive immune system consists of B-cells and T-cells. There are many different types of cells in the adaptive immune system, including B-cells and T-cells. Both T- and B-cells are important in producing antibodies and playing a role in fighting infection.

(For more blogs about diabetes, check this article: What is Diabetic Ketoacidosis?)