Knee Injury – Which Doctor

Knee Injury – Knowing Which Doctor to See 

If you have a knee injury, knowing which doctor to see can be helpful. Knee specialists treat all kinds of injuries. There are medical and sports injuries, as well as acute knee pain. Patients may feel pain in one area or throughout their knee. Fortunately, there are many options for treatment, and finding the right doctor can be a breeze. Here are some of the most common types of knee injuries. Which doctor to see depends on your symptoms and how severe your pain is.

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Meniscus tear 

A meniscus tear can be caused by several different causes. While X-rays do not show tears, doctors can order these to rule out other causes of knee pain. MRI scans, on the other hand, examine the soft tissues in the knee joint and can reveal whether there is a tear or not. A torn meniscus will appear as a white line through a dark body. There are several treatment options for meniscus tears, and these vary depending on the cause, age, and type of injury. 

Torn ACL 

A torn ACL in the knee is a serious condition that may require surgical treatment. A doctor will replace a torn ACL with a new one using tissue from another part of the knee. This procedure, known as arthroscopic reconstruction, is a minimally invasive surgery. Patients can begin bearing weight as early as two weeks following the surgery. Because the torn ends of the ACL do not have a blood supply, surgeons usually use tissue from the patient’s own body to repair the ACL. The surgeon may use tissue from the patient’s hamstring. 

Bursitis 

Rehabilitation after a knee injury should focus on getting you back to normal activities. However, returning too soon can worsen the injury and cause permanent damage. Every person recovers at different rates, and your doctor will determine how long you need to wait before resuming normal activity. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove the bursa. If surgery is not the best option, consider physical therapy first. You may be able to return to your normal activities after a few weeks. 

Patellar tendonitis 

While you may not have experienced any particular type of knee injury to the patellar tendon, it can be a symptom of another problem. The pain will be felt on the front surface of the knee, and the area around the tendon may be swollen or tender. It can happen during everyday activities such as walking, or may only happen when you do intense exercises. A physician can make a diagnosis based on a history of the injury and an X-ray. 

Osteoarthritis 

Symptoms of osteoarthritis in the knee include pain, stiffness, swelling, and puffiness. These symptoms are most often present during activity or worsen during certain movements. Pain and swelling increase during activity, especially if you are sitting for long periods. Pain, swelling, and stiffness will usually improve with rest and movement. A doctor will determine if osteoarthritis is the cause of a specific symptom or not. 

Septic arthritis 

Septic arthritis after a knee injury is an infection that results in significant joint damage and increased morbidity and mortality. When the bacteria reach the joint, they cause systemic damage and can even spread to other joints. This condition often requires antibiotic treatment and a surgical or physical therapy referral. The incidence of septic arthritis is approximately two to six cases per 100,000 population, with higher rates in children. This disease has a predominance among males and is associated with a higher mortality rate. 

NSAIDs 

Many people turn to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for treatment after knee injuries. While they can be effective, they can also cause side effects. Some NSAIDs have side effects, which are not always serious. For instance, they may increase your risk of developing osteoporosis or Cushing’s syndrome. Other options include physical therapy, surgery, and weight loss. In some cases, NSAIDs may not be necessary. 

Stem cell therapy 

To treat a knee injury, stem cells from the patient’s own body can be used. Stem cells are found in the bone marrow, but they can also exist in other types of tissue, such as fat or muscle. The treatment involves the collection of stem cells from the patient’s own body, which are injected into the affected area. The doctor may use a needle designed to cause the least amount of pain or a less-invasive technique. In any case, the procedure can be done in one or two hours. Patients can go home the same day of the procedure. 

PRP therapy 

PRP (platelet-rich plasma) therapy is a procedure that uses platelets from a patient’s blood to treat pain and inflammation in the knee. PRP is created by centrifuging the patient’s blood and separating the heavier components from the lighter ones. Then, PRP is prepared by adding chemicals that activate platelets and cause them to release growth factors. The finished PRP solution is then injected into the injured knee. During the procedure, patients can expect reduced pain and inflammation after the treatment. Patients can avoid surgery in many cases, because of the possibility of avoiding knee replacement surgeries.