When the EMT Suspects That a Patient May Have Diabetes
In a patient who has diabetes, an EMT may administer oral glucose to the patient while sending a partner to find insulin vials. Upon arrival, the EMT observes that the patient has bruising on his abdomen that is consistent with a diabetic state. The EMT is puzzled.
Glucagon is a drug that is given to people with diabetes to correct their blood glucose levels. It is available in many emergency kits and can be administered as an injection or a nasal spray. It is important to follow all instructions on the packaging and use it within the expiration date. The patient should be on his or her side and remain conscious and alert for at least 15 minutes after receiving it.
Glucagon is a hormone that is produced in the pancreas in response to a drop in blood glucose. In healthy people, glucagon is secreted by the a-cells of the pancreas. In people with type 1 diabetes, however, the pancreas is unable to release this hormone, and a person with diabetes has a greater risk of severe hypoglycemia.
Non-ketotic hyperosmolar state
Non-ketotic hyperosmolar coma is a potentially fatal hyperglycemic crisis that can develop in a diabetic patient. This condition is often triggered by an infection, illness, or improper monitoring of blood glucose levels. It can occur suddenly or gradually, and is more common in older patients. It results from a relative deficiency of the hormone insulin, which leads to elevated blood sugar and dehydration. As a result, the blood becomes osmolar, drawing water from other organs.
The non-ketotic hyperosmolar state is a more common complication of diabetes than diabetic ketoacidosis. About 30 of 34 patients who developed this condition had a decreased level of consciousness. It is caused by elevated levels of sodium and glucose in the blood, and it is associated with other medical conditions. In some cases, diabetics may experience more than one hyperosmolar state, and multiple complications can occur.
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy can be difficult to diagnose in the early stages of the condition, but early detection is crucial. Diabetic neuropathy is a condition that causes damage to the nerves. Diabetic neuropathy symptoms can include foot pain, decreased sensations, and vision problems. Diabetic neuropathy can also lead to kidney failure. The American Diabetes Association recommends that a patient be screened for diabetic neuropathy as soon as they are diagnosed with diabetes.
Diabetic neuropathy can affect the nerves in the feet, hands, and internal organs. It affects one-third to half of people with diabetes. Patients with peripheral neuropathy have weakness of the legs and feet, while those with proximal neuropathy have weakness of the hips, thighs, and buttocks. If left untreated, diabetic neuropathy can lead to amputation, infection, and even death.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
If you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you must follow strict diet and medication guidelines to prevent complications. However, you should also be aware that the symptoms of this condition can be severe. For this reason, it is important to visit a healthcare provider regularly and record your blood sugar levels.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body is unable to make the insulin it needs. This results in a high blood sugar level, called hyperglycemia. This level can damage cells throughout the body.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
When the emt suspects a person may have diabetes, they should administer glucose or insulin to stabilize their blood sugar level. However, they should not administer this type of medication to anyone with liver disease or a history of alcoholic behavior. To identify diabetes, the EMT should consider signs and symptoms of diabetes, such as the presence of insulin, as well as the patient’s medical history.
Diabetic patients have a higher risk of heart disease and kidney failure. Diabetes also damages vessel walls, which results in microangiopathy and loss of feeling. In addition, diabetic patients tend to suffer from untreated wounds that can lead to gangrene and require amputation. An estimated 60 percent of all amputations are related to diabetes.