Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms in Teenage Girls
A blood glucose test should be performed every day if you suspect your teenage daughter may have diabetes. Blood glucose levels are harder to control during puberty because of hormonal changes and insulin resistance, which is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The good news is that you can control blood sugar levels by making a few lifestyle and diet changes. However, your daughter should also see a doctor as soon as possible to make sure she is not developing type 1 diabetes.
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Physical changes during puberty make it harder to control blood sugar levels
Managing diabetes during this time of rapid growth is not easy. The body needs more calories to support growth. Boys are generally smaller, but their shoulders widen and body hair grows. The hormonal changes of puberty make it harder to manage blood sugar levels, which increases the risk of complications later in life. The emotional roller coaster that teens experience can also make diabetes management difficult. Teens often rebel against authority figures and may not comply with their diabetes management.
Managing diabetes during puberty presents challenges for the patient and the parents. As with any disease, there are added pressures from school, so monitoring blood sugar levels becomes even more challenging. Some children rebel against the condition or stop taking their medications, which can increase their risk of complications. Diabetes in the teenage years is also accompanied by depression, so parents must help their children deal with this challenge.
Insulin resistance is a major risk factor
While type 2 diabetes usually develops slowly, a teenage girl’s risk of developing this disease increases with age. Overweight is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, as extra weight inhibits insulin from entering the cells. Insulin resistance increases during puberty, when hormones in the body are changing and cells become less responsive to insulin. Physical activity and eating a balanced diet are key to controlling weight and preventing diabetes.
The cause of insulin resistance is not known, but obesity, insulin-sensitizing medications, and an inactive lifestyle are known risk factors for this condition. While this can be frustrating and difficult to deal with, it is possible to combat insulin resistance. Several methods exist for treating insulin resistance, including diet and exercise, but the majority of people must take medication to control the condition.
Diet and lifestyle changes can help control blood sugar levels
A balanced diet is essential for lowering blood sugar levels, and physical activity helps the body process glucose. Regular exercise reduces blood sugar levels and lowers the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Aim for 30 minutes of physical activity five times per week. A diet rich in plant-based foods is important to lower blood sugar levels. These foods contain vitamins and minerals, as well as fiber. Avoid bad carbohydrates, which are high in sugar and have few nutrients.
During meals, it’s important to check the blood glucose level every 15 minutes to know how much insulin is needed for a specific meal. A high-fat, high-protein meal can cause a spike in blood sugar if insulin is taken too quickly. Also, eating too much can raise the blood sugar level, causing weight gain. A high-fat meal may mean adjusting the insulin dose, which could lead to low blood sugar during the next meal.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a complication of type 2 diabetes
Despite its name, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication of Type 2 diabetes that is often undiagnosed in young adults. Symptoms of DKA can be life-threateningg and should be addressed immediately. Diabetic ketoacidosis can occur in people of any age, including children and teenagers.
When a person develops DKA, her blood glucose levels can get too high or too low. When this happens, the body starts burning fat to generate energy. Unfortunately, this process also creates ketones in the body, which poison the body. Diabetic ketoacidosis is often accompanied by fruity breath. Symptoms of this complication include increased thirst, irritability, and frequent urination.