What Are the Early Warning Signs of Psoriatic Arthritis?

What Are the Early Warning Signs of Psoriatic Arthritis? 

Psoriatic arthritis is a common condition that causes achy, stiff, and swollen joints. The disease can affect any area of the body, and symptoms can range from mild to severe. Though it can be effectively managed and treated, it can also lead to severe joint damage and disability. 

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Red, scaly patches 

If you notice red, scaly patches on your skin, they may be the first sign of psoriatic arthritis. This disease affects about 10% of people who have psoriasis. Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis include swollen joints, decreased range of motion, and joint pain. The disease can also lead to deformity of the hands and feet. 

Symptoms may first appear on the skin, which can begin five to twelve years before joint symptoms appear. However, the rash can come in different types. The most common type of psoriasis is called plaque psoriasis. This type of skin rash is typically red or pink, but can also be purple or violet. It also has a silvery scale on top. Other types of skin psoriasis include guttate and pustular. 

Changes in nails 

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the body, including the nails. The disease can be very difficult to treat and can have a profound impact on the sufferer’s quality of life. Patients may experience severe pain and discomfort, causing them to become depressed and anxious. The condition can also be difficult to treat because of the resistance the sufferer will often exhibit. 

If you notice changes in your nails, you should consult a doctor right away. Your physician will want to rule out any other health issues that may be contributing to your condition. Depending on the severity of your condition, pharmacological medication may be prescribed. This medication can target specific symptoms of your psoriasis while preventing further damage to the body. 

Systemic inflammation 

Systemic inflammation is a sign of psoriatic arthritis, and it should not be overlooked. This condition is not rare in any age group, and is easily treatable with the proper treatment. Treatment options for this disease include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and injections of strong inflammation-fighting drugs. Treatment is usually effective in most cases, but severe cases may require joint replacement surgery, in which a prosthesis is inserted to replace the damaged joints. 

Psoriatic arthritis is a type of autoimmunity disorder, similar to rheumatoid arthritis. In 85% of patients, the symptoms of the condition first appear in the skin. The disease can affect any joint or even multiple joints. In addition to systemic inflammation, patients with psoriatic arthritis may experience other symptoms, including pain and swelling. 

Genetic predisposition 

Genetic studies have demonstrated a strong association between 3 distinct gene variants and the risk of psoriatic arthritis. Specifically, three independent variants of the NOD2/CARD15 gene were found to be associated with psoriatic arthritis. The study also shows that some of these variants are associated with childhood asthma. 

Research indicates that about 30 to 50 percent of people with psoriatic arthritis have first-degree relatives with the condition. A first-degree relative is defined as a biological parent or full sibling. Genetics is responsible for about 80 percent of the heritability of psoriatic arthritis.