What is Diabetes?

Many people are unaware of the dangers of diabetes, but the risk is real and serious, as it increases the likelihood of heart disease, kidney problems, stroke, blindness, and even death.

The term “diabetes” might bring to mind images of people with needles stuck in their fingers, or a diabetic coma. However, diabetes is a group of diseases that affect blood sugar levels. Diabetes causes high blood glucose and it affects every part of the body, including the eyes and kidneys. In the U.S., an estimated 29 million people have diabetes and nearly 6% of adults (about 3.2 million) are undiagnosed. If someone has diabetes, their chance of having a heart attack doubles. Fortunately, there is good news on the horizon. Today, researchers are developing a new type of pancreas and liver implant that could revolutionize the treatment of diabetes.

There are several different reasons why diabetes develops, but no matter what the cause may be, you’ll need to take charge of your diet and exercise if you want to beat the disease.

In conclusion, Diabetes is a disease that affects the body’s ability to use or utilize sugar. Diabetes occurs when the body cannot effectively convert food into energy. In the United States, more than 30 million adults have diabetes. There are five major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, pre-diabetes, and other specific forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes develops when the body’s immune system destroys beta cells, which produce insulin. People who suffer from type 1 diabetes are required to inject themselves with insulin. Type 2 diabetes develops when the body fails to use insulin effectively. Symptoms of diabetes include fatigue, increased thirst, frequent urination, blurry vision, and weight loss. In both cases, blood glucose levels become elevated. People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure, kidney disease, nerve damage, and even stroke. Early diagnosis and management can reduce complications. In most cases, a health care professional diagnoses type 2 diabetes. However, sometimes the condition can be misdiagnosed or undiagnosed.

(For more diabetes blogs, check this article: What is Diabetes Mellitus?)