What is Type 1 Diabetes?

What is Type 1 Diabetes? If you’re wondering if you have type 1 diabetes, you’ve come to the right place. Learn about symptoms, the diagnosis process, treatment options, and complications. This article will answer these questions and more. You can also learn about the service provider who can help you get the proper treatment for your condition. If you’re not sure where to go to find these services, try using the Service Finder. It’s a free service that can connect you with the services that you need.

Symptoms

If you think you may have diabetes, the first step is to see your healthcare provider. Many people mistake type 1 diabetes symptoms for flu. If you notice any of these, be sure to get a blood sugar test. Type 1 diabetes symptoms can range from frequent urination to problems with the skin. If left untreated, it can result in complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis, blindness, and sexual dysfunction. If you’re not sure what to look for, keep reading to learn more about these symptoms.

Diabetes can damage the blood vessel clusters in the kidneys, which filter blood and waste. Severe damage to these blood vessels can lead to kidney failure and irreversible kidney disease requiring dialysis or a transplant. In addition to the kidneys, diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the retina, which can lead to blindness and increase the risk of other vision problems. Additionally, diabetics are more likely to experience foot problems such as ulcers. Without treatment, these can lead to amputation.

Diagnosis

A diagnosis of type 1 diabetes is an important step in managing your disease. Your doctor will recommend certain tests and treatments. A fasting blood glucose test requires you to go without food for eight hours before your test. The random blood glucose test does not require fasting. Your doctor may recommend a test called an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Ketones in your urine can also be measured. A blood test for ketone levels may be recommended.

The symptoms of diabetes can be disguised by a concurrent illness. A common cold or strep throat can cause symptoms similar to those of type 1 diabetes. You may be tired, experiencing a sore throat, and experiencing extreme thirst. If you have diabetes and have these symptoms, see your doctor as soon as possible. If you think you may have the disease, make an appointment with your primary care provider immediately.

Treatment

Keeping a low blood sugar level is an important part of treating type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes must balance the insulin dose with food intake and physical activity. They must check their blood sugar levels before, during, and after physical activity. Some activities can raise their blood sugar level, while others can cause it to fall. In such cases, they can take less insulin or eat more carbohydrates. The goal is to lower the A1C to below 8%.

The most common form of T1D treatment is insulin therapy. This involves subcutaneous insulin injections or long-acting insulin pumps. Insulin pumps have several advantages over traditional injections. They continuously deliver small doses of insulin under the skin. Patients with difficult-to-control blood glucose levels may benefit from insulin pumps, which work in conjunction with continuous glucose monitoring technology. Combined with other treatments, these devices can improve blood glucose control and reduce the risk of diabetic complications.

Complications

If you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you may be wondering about the possible type 1 diabetes complications. These problems usually affect organs other than the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart. While maintaining a normal blood sugar level is the best way to protect yourself from these problems, many can be life-threatening and disabling. For instance, diabetes increases the risk of coronary artery disease, which can result in chest pain, a heart attack, or a stroke. Other complications of diabetes include atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, and narrowing of arteries.

A serious complication of diabetes is nephropathy, which affects the kidneys. Unlike other types of kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy does not typically produce any symptoms until the condition progresses and the patient is on dialysis or undergoes a kidney transplant. Other complications of diabetes affect the heart, sex organs, nerves, and digestive system. These problems can cause blurred vision or even blindness.

(For more blogs about diabetes, check this article: Can COVID Cause Diabetes?)