Where Does Diabetes Come From?

Where Does Diabetes Come From? 

Many factors contribute to where diabetes comes from. We’ve discussed Insulin, digestion, genetics, and environment. But what role does the environment play? Here’s a look at the other factors that affect diabetes. What can you do to prevent it? Read on to learn more. But first, let’s take a closer look at insulin. Insulin is the hormone that allows glucose to enter our cells for energy. Our pancreas produces insulin. When our pancreas is unable to produce adequate insulin, the result is type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance. Diabetes is a serious condition, and blood glucose levels are too high. Too much glucose in the blood can damage blood vessels, nerves, and the heart. 

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Insulin 

If you have diabetes, you may have heard that insulin is where it comes from. That’s true for some people, but for others, insulin is the culprit. Insulin is created in a laboratory through a chemical process, and the human pancreas needs several injections a day to keep glucose levels in check. Fortunately, the body can produce small amounts of insulin, but if you don’t get the correct balance, you’ll soon see your blood sugar levels spiraling out of control. 

Digestion 

We all know how our food is broken down and transformed into different nutrients. However, this process can lead to problems. Sugar, which is a component of carbohydrates, can’t reach the cells without help. Insulin is the hormone responsible for this process. When this occurs, it can lead to high blood sugar levels and a host of other problems. That’s why it’s important to eat foods high in fiber. 

Genetics 

Personalized treatment for diabetes should incorporate the broader genetic and environmental profile of an individual. Research in the field has been sponsored by the National Human Genome Research Institute, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and the National Institute on Minority Health. According to Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health and chief of the Molecular Genetics Section of the National Human Genome Research Institute, genes play a big role in the risk for type 2 diabetes. 

Environment 

The rise in diabetes rates worldwide is largely blamed on the lifestyles and genetic makeup of people. But what if your genes are not the only cause? Environmental changes could also be to blame. While we didn’t evolve eating large amounts of refined carbohydrates, today we’re surrounded by a lot of these products. The chemicals present in these foods inhibit the normal digestion and absorption of sugars in our bodies. That’s why many people are now suffering from type 2 diabetes. 

Diabetic retinopathy 

If you have diabetes, you might have heard about diabetic retinopathy. The condition is caused by too much glucose in the blood. When these glucose levels reach high levels, the tiny blood vessels in the retina become blocked. As a result, the retina loses its blood supply and the new blood vessels fail to form. As a result, scar tissue forms on the retina’s surface, preventing blood from reaching the retina. The extra pressure on the retina causes it to tear. 

Kidney damage 

High blood glucose levels damage arteries and the kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood. Approximately 20-40 percent of people with diabetes develop kidney disease. High levels of albumin in the urine are an indication that kidney damage has occurred. Normally, urine should have no albumin. If you notice an abnormally high level of albumin in your urine, your doctor may recommend a kidney biopsy. This test will determine if you have kidney damage and will also identify other causes of the high levels of this protein.