Why Does Thyroid Dysfunction Happen?

Why Does Thyroid Dysfunction Happen? 

Thyroid dysfunction is caused by a problem with the thyroid gland. Generally, this malfunction is caused by too much or too little of the hormones produced by the thyroid. When there are too few of these hormones, this condition is called Hypothyroidism. Other reasons for thyroid malfunction are Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s disease. 

(Thyroid dysfunction can affect a person’s insulin and blood sugar levels, which can contribute to the development of diabetes. Visit us to know more!)

Excess iodine causes thyroid dysfunction 

Iodine is a mineral that plays a crucial role in the physiology of the thyroid. It is present in varying amounts throughout the body, with about 70 to 80 percent being found in the thyroid gland. It is also found in the blood, ovaries, and muscles. Getting enough iodine is important, but too much can lead to thyroid dysfunction. 

Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t make enough hormones 

Hypothyroidism is a disorder in which the thyroid gland fails to produce enough hormones, and it puts you at increased risk of heart disease and other conditions. It also raises the levels of bad cholesterol in your blood. In women, too little hormone from the thyroid can disrupt ovulation and make conceiving difficult. People with low levels of thyroid hormone can also experience joint pain and tendonitis. Their concentration and memory may also be affected, and they may lose interest in activities they once enjoyed. Some people with hypothyroidism may even experience depression, but this is not always related to their thyroid. 

Graves’ disease 

Graves’ disease is a condition that causes the thyroid gland to not work properly. This can lead to eye problems and inflammation of the eye sockets. The eyelids may also become retracted, causing bulging eyes. While mild symptoms may clear up on their own, severe cases may require surgery to remove the thyroid gland. 

Hashimoto’s disease 

Hashimoto’s disease causes the thyroid to produce inadequate amounts of thyroid hormone, resulting in fatigue, weight gain, and muscle weakness. This autoimmune disorder occurs when the body makes antibodies against the thyroid cells. A thyroid hormone test can help doctors identify this condition and determine what treatment is necessary. Patients with Hashimoto’s disease must take medicine regularly. 

Subacute thyroiditis 

Subacute thyroiditis is an inflammatory disease of the thyroid gland. It causes symptoms such as increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) level. It may also cause mild anemia or leukocytosis. The presence of antibodies to the thyroid hormone, also known as antithyroid peroxidase (ACTH), is typical of subacute granulomatous thyroiditis. 

Postpartum thyroiditis 

Postpartum thyroiditis occurs when the immune system produces antibodies that target thyroid tissues. These antibodies cause the thyroid to become underactive or overactive, causing inflammation and symptoms of thyroid dysfunction. It is similar to Hashimoto thyroiditis, an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid. About one-quarter to a third of women experience this condition after childbirth. Treatment is dependent on the type and severity of symptoms, age, and general health. Some medications used to treat the disease include beta blockers and prednisone to reduce the inflammation. If the thyroid is underactive, thyroid hormone replacement may be prescribed.